The etymological root of causeway is found in the Latin word calciāta, which can be translated as “paved road”. That Latin word was derived in turn from “calx”, which was what the limestone used to shape these roads was called.
Calzada is the sector of the street that is between two sidewalks (also known as sidewalks).
It could be said, therefore, that the road is where vehicles travel, unlike sidewalks or sidewalks that allow pedestrians to circulate. For example: “We have to teach the dog not to go down the road”, “The government announced that the avenue will have a reduced road for about a month due to maintenance works”, “The car left the road and got onto the sidewalk, where he attacked four people ”.
According to DigoPaul, to speak of a road is to make an obligatory reference to the so-called Roman roads that are considered to be authentic works of engineering. They were used by Rome to be able to structure its entire Empire and they became key pieces not only to favor the transport of goods and trade but also to facilitate the troops to reach other corners and be able to conquer them.
Of course, it should not be overlooked that they played a fundamental role in expanding the culture and that they expedited travel from Italy to any other corner that was under Roman command.
It is interesting to establish that three different types of roads were created: the publicae, which were the first to be shaped and which joined the main cities together; the privatae, which were private because they could only be used by the owners of the properties in which they were; and the viae vicinales, which united several towns in the same region.
Along these roads could be found such important elements as bridges, fords, milestones or shelters, for example.
Among the most important documents that have been preserved where the Roman roads were “registered”, two stand out. One is “La Tabula Peutingeriana” and the other is “El Itinerario de Antonino”.
Also called a roadway is the part of a road or route that allows vehicular advance: “The authorities should build a road with at least two roads to connect these cities”, “The road of this route is full of potholes”, “The resurfacing of the road will take about six months ”.
The carriageways have a variable number of lanes. Streets generally have a single lane, while avenues usually have two lanes that allow you to advance in opposite directions. Motorways and motorways, for their part, can have more than two carriageways in each direction.
The division of the road into lanes can be developed with paint marks on the pavement. When it comes to lanes of opposite directions, it is usual that plants or medians are used as a separation.
Calzada is also a fairly common surname. In the province of Buenos Aires (Argentina), there is a town called Rafael Calzada, which honors with his name a politician, writer and lawyer born in 1864 and died in 1929.