The expression human rights (also frequently cited as DD.HH.) refers to the freedoms, claims and powers of each individual by the mere fact of belonging to the human race. This means that they are rights of an inalienable nature (since no one, in any way, can take away these rights from another subject beyond the legal order that is established) and of an independent profile against any particular factor (race, nationality, religion, sex, etc.).
Human rights are also characterized by being irrevocable (they cannot be abolished), non- transferable (an individual cannot “cede” their rights to another subject) and inalienable (no one has the permission to reject their basic rights). Even though they are protected and contemplated by most international legislation, human rights imply moral and ethical bases that society considers necessary to respect in order to protect the dignity of people. See Abbreviation Finder for acronyms related to Human Rights.
Human rights are faculties and freedoms of each person by the mere fact of belonging to the human race.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (abbreviated through the acronym UDHR), which was adopted by the United Nations in 1948, brings together all the rights that are considered basic. The combination of this declaration with the different international human rights agreements that were agreed upon by various nations is known as the International Bill of Human Rights.
The UDHR states that, at birth, all men and women are free and equal in terms of rights and dignity and makes clear its position of rejection of slavery, servitude, torture and treatment that may be considered inhuman, degrading or cruel.
Many activists have fought and continue to fight for human rights.
Classification according to type
When establishing the list of existing human rights we have to make it known that they are classified as follows:
Civil and political rights: to life, to equality, to freedom…
Economic, social and cultural rights: to health, to education, to housing…
Labor rights: to work, to free choice of work…
Rights of detainees and prisoners: to humane treatment and with respect for the inherent dignity of the human being…
Rights against the Administration.
Rights in relation to the Administration of Justice: to be heard by the Court, to be tried by an independent and impartial court…
Rights of peoples and rights of victims of violations of fundamental rights.
Human rights violations
Violations include forced disappearances of persons, terrorism, propaganda for war, genocide and war crimes, exploitation of man by man, torture and inhuman or degrading punishment, slavery, forced labor or the apology of hatred.
In addition to all of the above, we have to state that one of the organizations that works the most on a daily basis for human rights is, without a doubt, Amnesty International, which is characterized by being an independent and absolutely democratic entity. To achieve its mission, it carries out research tasks to bring to light situations that violate human rights as a way of denouncing them and preventing them from becoming effective.
In recent decades, the concept of human rights has acquired great importance in most societies in the world. Those rulers and regimes accused of violating human rights are usually condemned by their own people and by various international organizations.